Yes, that’s the very definition of ‘recycling’. On a more sophisticated level, a distinction is sometimes made between ‘closed loop’ recycling and ‘open loop’ recycling, referring to whether or not the waste of one product is used in making the same type of products.
That depends a great deal on the value of those raw materials on the metal exchange. Commodity prices for many raw materials are currently down, which is a disincentive for recycling. Gold is an exception. One reason why virgin materials are cheaper than recycled materials can be associated with the failure to account for externalities, i.e. impact on the environment.
Responsible recyclers in Europe take appropriate measures to avoid misuse of private or proprietary data. International standards regulate this activity.
Of the total amount of e-waste generated in Europe every year, only one third is collected by formal systems, i.e. by parties that report their activities and work in compliance with standards. Two thirds of e-waste is unaccounted for formally because it is collected by parties that do not report those volumes and have the e-waste treated in substandard conditions, or by individuals who export e-waste illegally to developing countries. The reason why this happens is that money can be made by selling (components of) e-waste if not properly treated and depolluted.
The main problem with e-waste is that many products at end-of-life have a residual value but also a cost associated with responsible depollution. This attracts individuals who make money selling those items without depolluting them and therefore polluting the environment and creating a ha