In a new E-waste report released by the United Nations University, global electronic waste has reached record high levels. 41.8 million tons of e-waste was generated in 2014, fuelling concerns about the growing risks to public health, resource conservation and the environment.
With rapidly changing technologies and constant consumer demand for the latest devices, the rise in e-waste looks set to continue. Lowering the amount of electronics entering the waste stream and improving end of life handling are essential for building a more circular economy, where waste is reduced, resources are conserved and are fed back into the supply chain for new products. Buyers also have an important role to play by choosing products that are less hazardous and are designed for safer recycling.
Until now, definitions of e-waste and methods used to evaluate it have varied between regions and made calculations of total volume difficult. The Global E-Waste Monitor 2014 – Quantities, Flows and Resources aims to present “the first comprehensive assessment of e-waste volumes, their corresponding impacts and management status on a global scale” (UN report p 8)
TCO Certified includes criteria aimed at reducing the amount of e-waste. Product take-back, extending product lifetime and reducing hazardous content are among the current criteria. The New Generation TCO Certified, currently under development, also calls for the IT industry to show more engagement in efforts to reduce the e-waste burden.
E-waste – a rapidly escalating problem
Of total e-waste, approximately one quarter – or 9.3 million metric tonnes – is made up of personal digital devices such as computers, displays, smartphones and tablets and TVs. Household appliances as well as heating and cooling equipment account for the remainder.
Europe – highest per-capital E-waste
Europe generates the most e-waste per capita, at 15.6 kg per inhabitant. Following closely behind is Oceania with 15.2 kg and Americas at 12.2 kg.
For purchasers – preventing e-waste begins with what you buy
For purchasers, helping to prevent e-waste isn’t just an end of life issue. It begins with the IT products you select. Manufacturers choose to certify their product models based on buyer demand for TCO Certified in purchasing contracts. Seeing that demand, industry works to meet all the criteria in TCO Certified for those product models. This work is typically done in the product design phase. So preventing e-waste and impacting sustainability throughout the product life cycle requires action from both purchasers and industry at an early stage as well as end of life.
Criteria in TCO Certified aimed at reducing e-waste
Criteria in TCO Certified are designed to help address the growing e-waste problem, along with other environmental and social challenges connected to electronics. Those criteria include manufacturer-provided take-back programs, which can move a greater number of products into proper recycling or re-use programs. Criteria for extended product life make it easier for the product to be used longer and delay their entry into the waste stream. Design for recycling criteria and the reduction of hazardous content also can make for easier recycling and lower the health and environmental risks during the recycling process.
The complex composition of electronics demands correct handling and recycling at end of life. Devices such as computers, tablets and smartphones also contain potentially hazardous substances, adding to human health and the environmental risks if not handled correctly.
For the new generation TCO Certified to be launched in late 2015, we are also proposing new criteria to help reduce the e-waste problem, including further phase-out of hazardous substances and asking manufacturers to declare the amount of recycled content in their certified products. We have also proposed that manufacturers lead or participate in initiatives designed to help reduce e-waste. One such example is the UN-led StEP initiative.
To learn more, access complete criteria information and to comment on open drafts, visit our new generation website.New Generation TCO Certified website