The circular economy — an opportunity for more sustainable IT products

Our current, linear way of producing and consuming products is ruining fragile ecosystems, causing the loss of valuable natural resources. The circular economy brings more sustainable solutions where products are in use longer and materials are reused to manufacture new products.

Today’s dominating economic model is linear: We take virgin natural resources and make products from them which we then discard once we’re done using them — often after a relatively short time. Sometimes the short lifespan is due to planned obsolescence where products break easily and are difficult to repair and upgrade.

The linear model leads to a number of problems:

  • Virgin materials are extracted at a faster rate than they can be replenished.
  • Once discarded, products are treated as waste and are often incinerated or placed in landfill, leading to the loss of valuable and scarce natural resources.
  • Unsafe ways of handling waste also lead to hazardous substances leaching into soil, water and air.
  • Both the manufacturing and transportation of products lead to pollution and extensive energy use that can be avoided in the circular economy.

Reserves of some natural resources are already running low and the problem will increase as the world population grows and economic prosperity reaches more people.

Resources are re-used in the circular economy

In a circular economy, resources are handled in a more responsible way. The goal is to extend product lifetime and recirculate all materials without producing any waste.

Product reuse is more resource efficient than recycling since most materials lose value every time they are recycled. Therefore, extending product lifetime is the best way of lowering its environmental impact. In a circular economy, products are built to last. They are durable and can be upgraded and repaired. Parts can be replaced — for example batteries, since functioning products often are discarded just because of worn-out batteries.

Once products have reached the end of their usable life they turn into valuable resources, used to manufacture new products. The need for extracting virgin materials is therefore minimized in the circular economy. Product and material life is considered already in the design phase — components are made easy to separate and contain no hazardous substances which make them unsuitable to recycle and use in new products.